Baby Hummingbird Facts

The smallest birds in the world produce tiny hatchlings so delicate it’s difficult to imagine how baby hummingbirds survive to become the dazzling, zipping flyers everyone loves.

Hummingbird Gestation / Birthing Cycle
Two white eggs about the size of small jelly beans are incubated in a nest the diameter a penny. The mother bird carefully selects the site. Building near a stream can assist in cooling. Choosing a space beneath thick leaves protects her family from rain. She attaches the materials tightly to withstand heavy winds. The nest is camouflaged with lichens and dry leaves so it appears to be a bump on a tree limb.

Although she lays her two eggs per brood on different days, she doesn’t begin to incubate the eggs until both are in the nest. That way, they tend to hatch the same day. As the tiny birds develop inside the shells, mama bird is constantly busy, rolling the eggs beneath her to keep them turned and viable. Strong neck muscles and a hook on their beaks help the babies peck through the shell to freedom.

Once the naked babies arrive, mama bird removes the shells from the nest and sits on the hatchlings to keep them a toasty 96 degrees. At about nine days old, they can regulate their own heat.

Facts About Baby Hummingbirds
– They incubate for 16-18 days depending on the species and weather.
– Baby hummingbirds weigh about the same as one-third of an American dime.
– They hatch naked except for a few straw-yellow hairs on their dark bodies.
– Their beaks are short and yellow.
– Their eyes are closed.
– Baby hummingbirds are hatched potty trained and release waste over the edge of their nest.
– They build up strength in their wings and tiny, short legs by gripping the nest with their feet and flapping wildly. (Never attempt to pull a baby from the nest as they attach themselves so firmly you can pull their legs off.)
– Their naked skin becomes covered with a layer of fluffy pin feathers, then their regular feathers that appear in dulled colors to protect them from predators.

Bringing Up Baby
Because baby hummingbirds can not regulate their own body heat, their mother sits on the nest whenever she is not out gathering food. She eats pollen, nectar and small bugs, then regurgitates a thick liquid. Young birds feel the fan of their mother’s wings and open their beaks. Mama bird inserts her long slender bill deep into the crop/neck of each baby and releases the meal. To survive, baby hummers must eat about every 20 minutes from sun-up to sun-down. A baby that doesn’t eat for 4 hours can die of starvation.

The babies are fed for about three weeks, as they practice flapping to strengthen their wing muscles. Once the babies can fly, the mother teaches them to eat. She takes them to flowers and feeders and demonstrates.

Bird watchers say she allows the young to eat first before feeding herself. For two or three days, mama assists the babies and will still feed them. Eventually, though, she runs them off and they are on their own.

Many species live in temperate parts of the United States and Canada that will allow time to raise two clutches a summer. That keeps mama busy feeding, sitting babies and building a second nest all at the same time.

How To Care For Baby Hummingbirds If Abandoned By The Mother
Pre-fledgling bird babies of most species are often on the ground. Unless one is in imminent danger from a predator or storm, leave it alone. Mama is probably watching and keeping it safe.

If you do find a baby hummingbird out of the nest and mama isn’t around, look for a nest and attempt to return it. Hummers don’t have a sense of smell and will not reject a baby because it has a human odor. If you have returned a baby to a nest, watch for its mother to return. A mother bird won’t leave her babies for hours, so after two hours and no sight of mama, call someone for help.

Baby hummingbirds are so tiny and fragile that most human beings are not capable of tending one. At night or in a storm, bring the baby inside. Place it in a plastic tub or shoe box (never a metal cage) lined with tissue or smooth paper. Cloth can catch in claws and on feathers.

If found late in the day, you can keep a baby overnight without harm as they don’t eat at night. Keep it warm but not too hot as either extreme can be deadly. You can provide warmth with a heating pad, turned on low and covered with a thick layer of toweling. Place it under or on top of HALF the container. The baby should be able to move into or away from the heat as it needs.

Most state laws prohibit individuals from keeping wildlife. There are licensed, highly trained individuals known as wildlife rehabbers who will accept rescued baby birds of all species. It is smart for animal lovers to locate one before an emergency and have a rehabber on speed dial. Saving critical minutes might save a life.

Some rehabbers are on Facebook. Others can be found by calling government agencies that deal with animals: animal control facilities, humane societies, sheriff’s departments, zoos, parks and recreation departments, Wildlife Resource Agencies, and various rescue organizations listed online. Because a baby hummingbird can starve so quickly and because you can kill one by attempting to feed it, it is urgent you work quickly to get the baby to a trained expert.

Fortunately, most baby hummingbirds go through the cycle from egg to flyer without mishap and migrate south with thousands of their relatives.

Best Flowers for Attracting Hummingbirds to your Garden this Year

A daily dose of contact with nature offers a series of benefits linked to the quality of life and mental health for all human beings. This fact is backed by thousands of scientific studies. However, for many, it is not simple to change their routines to adapt to a life full of healthy habits.

Hence, looking for alternatives that bring them closer to the natural environment even without leaving the house is an excellent solution to add quality to one’s days.

When looking for perfect elements to act as a real vitamin complex of nature in your daily life, there is nothing better than bringing some of the most beautiful birds in the world to your garden, balcony or window.

Attracting hummingbirds, not only can generate extremely pleasing auditory and visual stimuli, it can almost eliminate one of the greatest evils of our time – stress. There are two techniques to attract and keep hummingbirds as constant visitors in the backyard. These include:

– Offer these small wonders sugar water
– Create pots or garden with flowers specially designed to attract the attention of a variety of hummingbird species

It is important to pick the best flowers for attracting hummingbirds. In addition to the colors of the chosen flowers, the background is another extremely important factor for the attraction of these birds.

Studies that have assessed the influence of this factor on the natural environment have shown that the predilection of these red-colored birds is closely linked to a green background, which highlights them.

Another point that deserves to be highlighted is to choose a variety of plants of different species as opposed to a single species. In this way, an environment is created with plants that bloom in different seasons, guaranteeing food for the birds throughout the whole year.

Hummingbirds and the flowers

In nature, everything is complete, fits and strengthens the functionality of the ecosystem. Among the many ties and relationships that exist between fauna and flora, one stands out – hummingbirds and the flowers.

This is a symbiotic relationship in which both parties help each other. The flower collaborates with the bird by providing sustenance and the hummingbird contributes to the flower by pollinating it. This interaction is an example of how species can co-evolve.

One way to bring hummingbirds closer to home is by planting specific flowers in the yard or garden. According to researchers, the ideal plant to attract the hummingbird should contain 20 percent diluted nectar. This is because higher indices can also attract insects, such as bees, which eventually drives away hummingbirds. But how do you know which plants meet this prerequisite?

Many people believe that plants with red, pink or yellow flowers are the most striking but this is not a rule. Several plants can be grown outside the house, such as vines, semi-vines, species to plant around coconut and palm trees, in hanging pots and even to be used as a hedge.

Top floral picks for hummingbirds

Pentas

Pentas are herbaceous plants that can reach up to one meter. They bloom throughout the year and can be planted in isolated groups around the garden, around palm trees, for example. They multiply through cuttings and also seeds.

Monkey brush

It usually blooms in autumn and impresses with the vivid red placement of the flowers. It can be planted alone in the garden or used as a vine. It is a species sensitive to frost and multiplies by seeds. Esponjinha has pink and white flower throughout the year.

Luffa sponge

It is a plant that can reach up to five meters in height. It can be planted alone in the garden and usually blooms throughout the year. It multiplies by seeds.

Chinese lantern

This species can be planted in hanging pots or next to low walls. It reaches up to three meters and blooms from spring to autumn. It is multiplied by stakes.

Dwarf Grevilea

It is a species that attracts hummingbirds mainly for blooming all year round. It multiplies through seeds and can exceed 1.5 meters. Dwarf Grevillea attracts several bird species and is a great option to have in the garden. It is undoubtedly one of the best flowers for attracting hummingbirds.

Yellow Chinese hat (Holmskioldia sanguinea)

As its name implies, it has yellow flowers. It can be planted in isolated groups by the garden and can be considered a semi-trapper. It reaches up to five meters high and blooms in the fall. Multiplication is by stakes. Yellow-hat is a shrub that can be planted in the garden.

Heliconia

It is a species that can be planted near the walls in the shade. It can reach up to 1.5 meters in height. It blooms during spring and fall and can be planted in isolated groups by the garden. However, heliconia does not tolerate intense cold.

Additional considerations

Some birds and insects are known as pollinating agents, which means they spread pollen from flowers while feeding on nectar. Some plant species are known to attract the most beautiful animals. Flowers that attract hummingbirds and butterflies are among the most sought-after by those who want to set up a garden at home.

These birds have a poorly developed sense of smell, so their pollinated flowers have little or no smell. On the other hand, they have good color vision, being attracted by plants with intense colors (red and yellow, for example) and large ones, which retain good amounts of nectar.

In order not to let smaller animals, such as beetles feed on nectar and hinder its reproduction process, these flowers keep it in tubes or other hard-to-reach structures that only hummingbirds and pollinators can reach.

This food is not offered for free. After the animal extracts the substance (without realizing it), it transports the pollen and dumps to other flowers, thus aiding in the fertilization. Among the flowers that attract hummingbirds include:

Unlike the best flowers for attracting hummingbirds, butterfly pollinated flowers have sweet-smelling scents and are red or orange in color. Butterflies have a long, tube-like mouthpiece that coils when they do not feed. To eat, they stretch this organ and suck the nectar.

Thus, the flowers that are pollinated by these insects have long, also tube-shaped structures where nectar is stored and only butterflies (as well as moths) can reach.

Perky-Pet 785 Mason Jar Hummingbird Feeder

Perky-Pet Hummingbird feeders are top of their class collections with creative appearances that command nature. Having one of their products like the 785 Mason Jar comes with good satisfaction and best results in the view of nature’s gentle background.

Perky-Pet 785 Mason Jar comes with beautiful antique design that would tempt you to want to have it positioned inside the house. This product blends perfectly with the wild and does its function seamlessly.

Hummingbird Feeder

Let us take a closer look at the details of this hummingbird feeder;

Design

The vintage look of this transparent Perky-Pet Mason Jar Hummingbird Feeder is a stylish design; with a bottle that is reminiscent of blue glass canning jars from the 1800’s. It has a metal base with five yellow flowers having touches of white as feeding ports; these ports are metal, and they are positioned at the top side of the base.

The galvanized metal base is a circular perch for the birds, and it is coated with zinc in order to prevent it from rusting in the open. This makes it very durable and rugged; there is actually nothing to worry about when it comes to strength.

The weight of the  Perky-Pet 785 Mason Jar Hummingbird Feeder is around 1.7 pounds, with the dimension of its size being 7.5× 7.5 inches as the base, and 8.5 inches in height. The glass jar is cylindrical with design details embossed on the sides; and it joins the metal base at a chamfered opening.

Function Review

Using the Perky-Pet 785 Mason Jar feeder will attract hummingbirds near and far, as well as add a touch of rustic appeal to your yard! This large 32 oz capacity feeder will keep your hummingbirds coming back in large numbers, and do not be surprised when a few other birds or random animals come around too.

The metal feeding ports are easy to clean; you have to simply unscrew the bottle from the base, and clean in warm soapy water, and the feeder will be ready for effective use again. The birds access the food inside the jar through these feeding ports when they perch on the base which is designed for a flock.

The Mason jar feeder is also very easy to refill; all you have to do is to unscrew the bottle from the base, fill with nectar, and screw the base back into place. You should really understand that a clean feeding environment is important for the birds, and the Perky-Pet 785 Mason Jar Hummingbird Feeder provides this value in all.

It is quite hard to find a hummingbird feeder not to have a plastic body or material make-up, but this very feeder is glass and metal which can hardly fall off in pieces unlike it plastic  counterparts. And also the portability and the ease of assemble and disassemble makes it a perfect and wonderful feeder for the hummingbird.

See: best hummingbird feeder reviews 2019

Get this feeder if you plan to enjoy the view of nature’s aerial activities in your garden or yard. The birds, your garden and yourself will be grateful for this choice of antiquity.

Swarming Hummingbirds